Risk Of Bias In Included Studies
Full details of ‘Risk of bias’ judgments can be found in Characteristics of included studies and in Figure 2.
‘Risk of bias’ summary: review authors’ judgements about each ‘Risk of bias’ item for each included study
Nine studies reported adequate sequence generation and we judged them to have low risk of bias .
Thomas 2003 recruited individuals with high Nijmegen Questionnaire scores who were currently being treated for asthma at a general practice. They assigned volunteers randomly by numbering them alphabetically and using random number tables to assign them to study groups. Holloway 2007, undertook randomisation by a computergenerated number sequence that assigned consecutive participant ID numbers a 1 or a 2 to denote intervention or a control condition. Sodhi 2009 randomised participants in two groups using permuted block randomisation. Grammatopoulou 2011 undertook random allocation with sealed envelopes. Prem 2013 assigned participants to three groups through block randomisation. Agnihotri 2016 and Agnihotri 2018 undertook randomisation by a computergenerated random number table. Thomas 2017 used the web based Tenalea randomisation system. Malarvizhi 2018 randomised participants by using a random allocation software.
Incomplete outcome data
Other potential sources of bias
Bbt Within Asthma Reviews
Ideally patients should receive a five-week Buteyko programme delivered by a trained practitioner however, some of the principles can be incorporated into asthma reviews delivered by practice nurses:
- Observe whether the patient breathes through the nose or the mouth those who appear to be breathing through the nose should be asked to climb a couple of flights of stairs to see whether they still breathe with the mouth closed
- Breathing through the nose makes it difficult to overbreathe so can help to prevent hyperventilation and panic. Nose breathing takes practice and this needs to be reinforced to patients
- Patients whose breathing is audible are likely to be hyperventilating and should be advised breathing should be quiet.
- Explain that a dry cough is often exacerbated by mouth breathing and, although it may feel helpful, repeated coughing can lead to upper airway irritation, which can lead to further coughing
- Explain how poor posture can change breathing sitting slumped at a computer squashes the abdominal organs, which leads to breathing with the upper chest and through an open mouth.
Box 1. Case study 1
Box 2. Case study 2
How To Increase Lung Capacity Naturally
Now, you might be asking how to strengthen your lungs, or specifically how to increase lung capacity. Luckily, there are plenty of natural methods that can help you improve your lung health. Consider the methods below to determine how to strengthen lungs naturally in a way that best applies to you and your lifestyle.
Also Check: What Happens If You Smoke Weed And Have Asthma
Fgrading The Evidence For Each Key Question
We will grade the strength of evidence for primary outcomes using the standard process of the Evidence-based Practice Centers as outlined in the Methods Guide for Effectiveness and Comparative Effectiveness Reviews.20,21 The grade will be based on four major domains: risk of bias, consistency, directness, and precision of the evidence. We will classify the bodies of evidence pertaining to each primary outcome into four basic grades: high, moderate, low, and insufficient .21 As advised, the number of studies that form that basis of given findings or conclusions will also be recorded.21 Additional domainsâsuch as dose-response association, plausible confounding, strength of association, and publication biasâwill be assessed and reported as appropriate.
|Evidence either is unavailable or does not permit a conclusion.|
Introduction: The Need For Innovations In Asthma Management Strategies
Among the outstanding achievements of modern medicine are the remarkable improvements in asthma outcomes occurring over the latter part of the last century. Although the prevalence of asthma has risen , improvements have occurred in hospitalisation, mortality, symptom control and quality of life . These were achieved through the widespread use of safe, effective medication and structured, proactive care . Hospital-based specialist care is now reserved for those with poor control or severe, therapy-resistant disease while generalists and primary care clinicians now provide care for the majority with mild or moderate disease. It is possible that an inappropriate sense of complacency arose, with a feeling that we had got on top of asthma, and asthma slipped down in priority in the health agenda.
Recommended Reading: Are Humidifiers Good For Asthma
Yoga Exercises For Asthma
Yoga is an excellent stress-relieving exercise, involving gentle stretches and breathing techniques. It may be particularly beneficial for people with asthma, as it can help increase your lung function and improve stress management.
Yoga poses that are well-suited to asthma patients include the sukasana , and the bridge .
If you would rather join a yoga class, be sure to let the instructor know that you have asthma.
How Can I Manage My Breathlessness
On this page, we explain the different things you can do to manage your breathlessness.
On this page:
Evidence suggests that how breathless you feel doesnt always match up that well with the results of lung function tests and scans. This is because its not just lung function that affects how out of breath you feel. Breathlessness is also affected by the way you breathe, your lifestyle and how you think and feel about your breathing:
How you think and feel about your breathing is important. For example, a worrying thought can make you feel anxious and make you feel breathless. This could perhaps make you feel panicky and bring on physical symptoms such as a tight chest or fast breathing.
When you have a long-term lung condition, you can feel anxious. Because being anxious interacts with your physical symptoms and can increase your feelings of breathlessness. Its important to talk to your health care professional about what help is available for you. Read more about coping with anxiety and a lung condition.
You May Like: Can You Outgrow Exercise Induced Asthma
Shallow Breathing Contributes To Anxiety
When people are anxious, they tend to take rapid, shallow breaths that come directly from the chest.
This type of breathing, called thoracic or chest breathing, causes an upset in the oxygen and carbon dioxide levels in the body resulting in increased heart rate, dizziness, muscle tension, and other physical sensations. Your blood is not being properly oxygenated and this may signal a stress response that contributes to anxiety and panic attacks.
Diaphragmatic or deep breathing, on the other hand, stimulates the parasympathetic nervous system, which is part of the peripheral nervous system responsible for regulating heartbeat, blood flow, breathing, and digestion. Deep breathing helps you avoid the “fight-or-flight” response to mentally or physically terrifying situations.
Yoga Poses To Control Asthma
- Sitting Half Spinal Twist It opens your chest muscles and improves oxygen supply to the lungs, thereby preventing an asthma attack.
- Bridge Pose This yoga posture is one of the best breathing exercises for asthma patients. It balances your body by opening up your lungs and chest, improving digestion, and reducing thyroid problems.
- Cobra Pose Also known as Bhujangasana, this is yet another beneficial exercise for people living with asthma. The cobra pose improves the circulation of blood and oxygen throughout the body. It also opens up the chest and clears the airway to your lungs, thus easing asthma symptoms.
- Easy Pose This focuses on controlling your stress and breathing. It relaxes the brain, broadens your chest, and provides you with a sense of peace and calm, which may help you avoid certain circumstances that may trigger an asthma attack.
Also Read: Health Benefits of Yoga
Don’t Miss: What Happens If Someone Without Asthma Use An Inhaler
Evidence For Breathing Exercises In Asthma
Although breathing excises might be viewed as a novel, perhaps even new-age, treatment, breathing control and relaxation exercises have a long pedigree and were a major component of asthma treatment in the era before effective inhaled treatment: many older asthmatics will recall being instructed in breathing techniques in their youth. Despite this, breathing control had largely disappeared from routine care until a recent revival of interest, although surveys of complementary and alternative medicine use have shown that many patients have used breathing control, often without the knowledge of their medical attendants. Due to the recent expansion in research, there is now a greatly improved evidence base. Breathing training techniques investigated have included physiotherapist-administered breathing exercises , the Buteyko breathing method and Yoga breathing . Many clinicians have been sceptical about the role of breathing training in asthma, partly due to exaggerated and unsubstantiated claims made by proponents of specific packages, particularly Buteyko practitioners. However, there is now a convincing body of evidence that breathing training for people with asthma is effective in improving patient-reported endpoints, such as symptoms, health status and psychological well-being, and may be effective in reducing rescue bronchodilator medication usage. There is currently no convincing evidence that breathing training has an effect on airway inflammation or physiology.
Using The Breath In Yoga: Inhalation Retention And Exhalation
Pranayama includes various yoga breathing techniques, each with a specific purpose. A study on the effect of pranayama in patients with bronchial asthma used various yoga breathing methods.
The results supported the guided and safe use of pranayama in the case of asthma sufferers. It was found that exercises which focus on exhalation are helpful. In bronchial asthma expiration is difficult, so exercises that support expiration can be beneficial however, this must be done with caution and consulting ones doctor first.
Also Check: Allergy Induced Asthma Icd 10
Exercises + Meds Are Most Effective
When used in conjunction with standard medicine management, studies prove breathing exercises can be an effective, non-pharmacological treatment for many patients with asthma. While breathing exercises havent been shown to modify the disease or improve lung functioning, they can be a useful way for patients to better cope with the ongoing effects of asthma. Whats more, according to research, over time, breathing exercises can help with hyperventilation, which is a hallmark symptom of an asthma attack.
Why It Is Important To Do This Review
The worldwide high prevalence of asthma has become a public health problem because of the high healthcare costs resulting from hospitalisation and medication. It causes a high number of missed work days and can result in early permanent disability and premature death. In general, asthmarelated costs are very high . Breathing exercises have been widely used as an adjunct therapy in the treatment of people with asthma, generating considerable interest among researchers to develop studies that seek to show evidence of the effectiveness of this intervention.
This is an update of a review last published in 2013, in which the review authors concluded that no conclusive evidence was provided to support or refute the benefits of breathing exercises in people with asthma. Since 2013, new studies have been conducted to evaluate the effects of breathing exercises on quality of life, symptom control and lung function in people with asthma. Thus, within this review update, we aim to summarise and assess evidence from randomised controlled trials showing the efficacy of breathing exercises in the treatment of adults with asthma.
Recommended Reading: Does A Chest X Ray Show Asthma
Easy Breathing Exercises For Asthma Patients To Recover Fast
Many asthma sufferers have dysfunctional breathing that is reported to have increased breathing problems, and anxiety and greatly reduces the quality of life. Breathing exercises have been found to be very effective in treating breathing dysfunction.
Every year on the first Tuesday of may world asthma day is celebrated, a kind of reminder that breathing exercises are so important for asthma. In this article, we are going to cover very simple yet effective breathing exercises that can be helpful.
Use Of Breath Holds/pauses
This technique requires us to hold our breath during inspiration and expiration. There are several ways of doing it, we can hold it after a forceful inspiration or after a normal inspiration. Also, after normal expiration on a forceful expiration.
Holding breath can be of varying duration, held during rest or during activity involve nose holding or not.
You May Like: Is Asthma A Autoimmune Disease
Asthma And Breathing Exercises
Exercising can be more challenging when you have asthma, especially if youre worried it might set off an asthma attack. But exercise is beneficial for your overall health and your asthma. In fact, having regular exercise could result in improving your asthma symptoms, as increasing your heart rate helps improve your lung power, boost stamina and reduce breathlessness.
In addition, regular exercise can help you maintain a healthy weight and reduce the risk of an asthma attack. Exercising also releases chemicals in your brain called endorphins, which can raise your mood and help you feel better.
The best types to do if you have asthma are:
- Swimming the warm moist air in a swimming pool is asthma-friendly. Swimming is a good low-impact cardiovascular workout that helps the whole of your body and especially the muscles you use for breathing.
- Walking walking is a great way to improve your fitness, especially if you need to build up slowly.
- Cycling steady cycling can improve movement and endurance levels, without overstraining the lungs.
- Jogging jogging can help strengthen the muscles you use for breathing, as well as improve your fitness as a whole.
- Team sports team sports that involve short bursts of physical activity, such as netball, volleyball, football or athletics can be good choices to try.
Can You Strengthen Your Lungs
If youâve been wondering if you can strengthen your lungs, the answer is yes. Like other parts of our body, there are methods of exercise and nourishment that can help us build up the strength of our lungs and improve our respiratory health. Note that those who have experienced lung damage or struggle with chronic respiratory illnesses might not be able to fully regain their breathing strength. However, anyone can see improvement with the right daily routines and dedication.
Read Also: Can You Have Asthma And Copd Together
Lung Capacity & Lung Exercises
Lung capacity, in simple terms, refers to the capacity of air that your lungs hold. It is common for the capacity of the lungs to reduce over a period of time, or if someone is suffering from a chronic obstructive pulmonary disease , can result in lower lung capacities.
However, there are breathing exercises for lungs that can help in maintaining and increasing lung capacity over a period of time. Here is a quick guide for lung capacity exercises.
Secondary Outcomes: Pulmonary Physiology
Methacholine PC20 was assessed at baseline in 90/95 BT and 87/89 control subjects and at 1 month post-intervention in all BT subjects and 78/79 control subjects. PC20 did not change significantly from baseline in either group doubling doses in BT group and 0.09 doubling doses in control group , ). The between-group difference was 0.02 doubling doses .
Small increases in prebronchodilator FEV1 were observed in both groups with a non-significant trend favouring the control group , p=0.07, ).
MV was significantly reduced in both groups with no significant intergroup difference , p=0.49). ETco2 did not change significantly within or between groups , p=0.51).
Sputum induction for differential cell estimation was successful at baseline in 76/95 BT subjects and 75/89 control subjects and in 66/73 BT subjects and 62/79 control subjects at the outcome visit, with failures due to contraindications, lack of consent or inadequate sample production after induction. The differential eosinophil count did not change significantly in either group , with no significant difference between groups , p=0.35).
Baseline Feno concentration was measured in 94/95 BT subjects and 87/89 control subjects and on all attendees at follow-up. A significant reduction in Feno was found in the control group but not in the BT group , although no significant difference was found between groups , p=0.44).
Recommended Reading: How Do You Know If A Child Has Asthma
A Criteria For Inclusion/exclusion Of Studies In The Review
We have developed a preliminary set of criteria for inclusion and exclusion of studies based on our understanding of the literature and discussions with key informants during the topic-refinement phase .
- Allied and Complementary Medicine
- Manual, Alternative and Natural Therapy Index System
- Physiotherapy Evidence Database
The searches will be restricted to English-language literature and the time period 1990âpresent. In 1990, the conceptualization of asthma changed and the use of inhaled corticosteroids as first-line therapy in chronic asthma became the standard of care for asthma management.16,17 Comparisons of interventions prior to that date are not clinically relevant to current practice. Data are limited to English language because it is not possible to obtain and translate non-English literature and stay within the expected timeline of the project. However, we will retain the abstracts for non-English studies with English abstracts that appear to fit our inclusion criteria for reporting purposes. Preliminary scans and examination of reference lists revealed no non-English trials published since 1990.
How Breathing Exercises Help:
Breathing exercises help in managing asthma efficiently. Asthma patients have a shorter breathing cycle than healthy people. Moreover, they also have a habit of breathing through the mouth. This exposes their lungs to drier and cooler air at a faster rate, which acts as an asthma trigger.Also Read: World Asthma Day 2020: Learn About The Causes, Types, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment And Prevention
Breathing exercises for asthma promotes:
Shallow breathing at a slower rate
Lowers the symptoms of asthma
Improves the quality of life
Also Check: Does Cold Air Help Asthma Attack