Spacers And Asthma Medication
For all people with asthma, it is recommended that;a;spacer device is used when;asthma;medication;is;delivered via a;puffer;. A spacer;is;a specially designed container that attaches to a puffer and has its own mouthpiece to breathe through.;
Using a spacer helps the medication to go where it is supposed to into the small airways in the lungs rather than ending up coating your childs mouth, tongue and throat. It is much more effective than using a puffer on its own.;Using a spacer with a puffer can reduce or;prevent side effects from inhaled medication.;
Babies and young children may need a spacer with a special face mask attached to inhale asthma medicines effectively. These fit tightly around your childs mouth and nose to make sure none of the medicine leaks out. Talk to your pharmacist for advice and to have your technique checked.;
Watch this Asthma Australia video which shows;you;how to use a spacer with a face mask.;
How Do You Get Rid Of Exercise
What treatments exist? The gold standard of exercised-induced asthma treatment is a prescription albuterol inhaler. You can carry it with you and use it about 15 to 20 minutes before exercise to prevent asthma symptoms. Its an effective treatment for about 80 percent of exercise-induced asthma cases.
What Do I Do If I Have An Asthma Attack
If you or a loved one is having an asthma attack and the symptoms donât get better quickly after following the asthma action plan, follow the “red zone” or emergency instructions and contact your doctor or right away. You need urgent medical attention.
1. Give asthma first aid.
If the person doesn’t have an asthma plan:
- Sit them upright comfortably and loosen tight clothing.
- If the person has asthma medication, such as an inhaler, help them take it.
- If the person doesnât have an inhaler, use one from a first aid kit. Do not borrow someone elseâs. The medicine in it may be different than the needed rescue medicine. Also, using someone else’s inhaler has a slight risk of passing on an infection.
2. Use an inhaler with a spacer, if possible.
- Remove the cap and shake the inhaler well.
- Insert the inhaler into the spacer.
- Have the person breathe out completely and put their mouth tightly around the spacer mouthpiece.
- Press the inhaler once to deliver a puff.
- Have the person breathe in slowly through their mouth and hold their breath for 10 seconds.
- Give a total of four puffs, waiting about a minute between each puff.
3. Use an inhaler without a spacer, if necessary.
4. Continue using the inhaler if breathing is still a problem.
5. Monitor the person until help arrives.
- Do not mistake drowsiness as a sign of improvement; it could mean asthma is getting worse.
- Do not assume that the personâs asthma is improving if you no longer hear wheezing.
6. Follow up.
Read Also: Are Asthma And Copd The Same Thing
Who Can Get Asthma
Anyone can develop asthma at any age. People with allergies or people exposed to tobacco smoke and secondhand smoke are more likely to develop asthma.
Statistics show women tend to have asthma more than men, and asthma affects Black Americans more frequently than other races.
When a child develops asthma, healthcare providers call it childhood asthma. If it develops later in life, its adult-onset asthma.
Children do not outgrow asthma. They may have fewer symptoms as they get older, but they could still have an asthma attack. Your childs healthcare provider can help you understand the risks.
Can Asthma Be Cured
Most people with asthma are able to control their condition if they work together with a health care provider and follow their treatment regimen carefully.
People who do not seek medical care or do not follow an appropriate treatment plan are likely to experience worsening of their asthma and deterioration in their ability to function normally.
Read Also: Can Asthma Make You Cough
Avoiding A Cold If You Have Asthma
No one wants to get a cold, but its especially important to asthma sufferers and other people with compromised respiratory systems to avoid a cold that could worsen breathing problems. To avoid getting or spreading a cold, the CDC recommends the following:
- Wash hands frequently with hot water and soap, for 20 seconds or more, and help small children do the same. If you cant get to soap and water, alcohol-based hand sanitizer will do.
- Avoid touching your eyes or mouth with unwashed hands.
- Disinfect commonly touched surfaces such as doorknobs, cell phones, and tv remotes.
- Isolate yourself from sick people.
- Stay home if you have a cold to avoid getting others sick.
Evaluating Shortness Of Breath
Depending on your symptoms, your doctor may evaluate your shortness of breath by using pulse oximetry to estimate the amount of oxygen in your blood, an EKG, a chest x-ray, blood work, or pulmonary function tests.
Its important to note that while you may suffer from COPD or asthma, your symptoms can still be managed and allow you to lead a normal life with the right health care team working with you.
Recommended Reading: What Does A Nebulizer Do For Asthma
Ways Humidity Affects Asthma
Allergens, chemicals and strong scents are common triggers for the almost 25 million Americans with asthma. But high humidity can be just as troublesome.
People with asthma have inflamed airways that are sensitive to things that may not bother other people. Thats why humidity, and all that comes with it, can be a problem for people with asthma.1 Here are some reasons why.
1. Humid air feels harder to breathe in. Some believe moist air is heavier and harder to breathe. Heat and humidity usually occur together. So when the air is harder to breathe, your body temperature can go up, causing you to sweat. This can lead to dehydration, which can make you breathe faster. All of this combined can trigger asthma symptoms.
Consider spending time outdoors in the mornings or evenings when heat and humidity levels tend to be lower. This can be especially important if you exercise outdoors.
2. Humidity can mean extreme temperatures. Since humidity usually is highest in the summer, extreme heat can aggravate your airways, just like extreme cold air can. Asthmatic lungs tend to be more sensitive to extreme temperatures.2
Sudden changes in temperature can affect your lungs too. If youve ever left a dry, cold air-conditioned building to go outside into hot, humid air, you know the change in air and temperature can be quite a shock. If you have asthma, the sudden change can actually cause an asthma attack.
What Is The Difference Between Asthma And Bronchitis
Bronchitis is an obstructive lung disorder thats similar to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Although bronchitis and asthma are both related and are both lung disorders, they have different causes.
People who develop bronchitis do so because of a respiratory infection or an underlying health condition, such as an autoimmune disorder or cystic fibrosis.
Asthma and bronchitis are also different on a cellular level. Asthma is linked to cells that are related to inflammation, whereas bronchitis is linked to cells involved in fighting infection.
The symptoms of asthma, bronchitis, and asthmatic bronchitis are generally very similar. Because of this, it can be difficult to tell the conditions apart without an official diagnosis.
These symptoms may include:
- difficulty breathing
- a low-grade fever
You may not be able to tell if you have bronchitis or an asthma flare-up without specialized lung function tests from your doctor. You should seek medical treatment if:
- your condition worsens
- your condition doesnt improve with the use of your asthma inhaler
- you develop a fever of about 102°F or higher
Your doctor will do more specific testing to determine if your symptoms are being caused by asthma or bronchitis. If youre coughing up any sputum, you may have bronchitis.
Also Check: Is Asthma And Copd The Same Thing
Complications Of Asthma And Covid
When any type of respiratory virus is present within the local community, people with asthma should take precautions. Respiratory viruses can trigger and worsen asthma symptoms, potentially affecting your nose, throat, and lungs.
In severe cases, there is also a risk that COVID-19 could cause an asthma attack, lead to pneumonia, or lead to acute respiratory disease. Asthma is not considered to increase your risk of catching the virus, having worse symptoms, or prolonging recovery from COVID-19.
However, children with some underlying medical conditions are more at risk of severe illness than those without. Still, the evidence on which underlying medical conditions are associated with increased risk in children is limited.
Symptoms of asthma and COVID-19 can be similar, making it difficult to differentiate between the conditions. However, the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America advises that:
- Coughing is a symptom commonly seen in both conditions.;
- Other common asthma symptoms such as wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness, and rapid breathing may sometimes be seen in COVID-19.
- Fever is often present with COVID-19 but rarely associated with asthma.;
- Weakness and fatigue can sometimes be associated with both conditions.;
- Loss of smell, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, body aches, headaches, and a sore throat are sometimes seen in COVID-19 but not associated with asthma.
When To See A Doctor
If you or a family member is experiencing a first onset of symptoms of asthma, see your doctor. They may then refer you to a specialist. You should also see your doctor when you are experiencing less serious symptoms, and the tools you have to improve the asthma are not working.
When you seek medical attention for asthma your doctor can classify the severity of your asthma and select the best treatment. Because the degree of your asthma may change over time, its important to see a doctor regularly to adjust your treatment accordingly.
If you think you or a family member is experiencing an asthma attack, call 911 or local emergency services, or go to your nearest emergency room.
Don’t Miss: Why Is My Asthma So Bad Right Now
What You Need To Know About Your Childs Asthma
There are many things to think about and plan for when your child has asthma. It is important to learn as much as you can about the condition. Your doctor and pharmacist are there to help you. Talk to them about any concerns you may have about your childs asthma.;To manage your childs asthma effectively, it is important to know:;
- the pattern of their asthma;
- their;asthma medications what they do and how to help your child take them properly;
- what to do if they have an asthma attack know and follow;asthma first aid.;
Make sure you have an updated written;asthma;action;plan and understand how to use it.;
What Types Of Asthma Are There
Healthcare providers identify asthma as intermittent or persistent . Persistent asthma can be mild, moderate or severe. Healthcare providers base asthma severity on how often you have attacks. They also consider how well you can do things during an attack.
Asthma can be:
- Allergic: Some peoples allergies can cause an asthma attack. Molds, pollens and other allergens can cause an attack.
- Non-allergic: Outside factors can cause asthma to flare up. Exercise, stress, illness and weather may cause a flare.
Read Also: What Helps Breathing With Asthma
Everyday Treatment For Asthma In Children
The main aims of day-to-day asthma treatment are to:;
- keep symptoms under control;
- keep lungs as healthy as possible;
- stop asthma from interfering with school or play;
- help your child enjoy a full and active life.;
Your doctor will help you to develop a plan to manage your childs asthma;which will include;an;asthma;action;plan;, and will prescribe the correct medication to help you do so.;
How To Prevent Bronchitis Whether You Have Asthma Or Not
Here are some steps you can take to prevent bronchitis for people who have asthma, as well as those who dont:
- Don’t smoke, and avoid being around cigarette smoke.
- Get an annual flu shot.
- Get a;pneumonia;shot if you are older than 65, or if you’re younger than 65 with any condition that puts you at risk, like emphysema or other breathing problems,;diabetes, or heart disease.
If you do come down with acute bronchitis, remember that most cases will clear up on their own that goes for people with and without asthma. That means most people dont need treatment for acute bronchitis, but to relieve symptoms,;OTC;medication, such as;Tylenol , can help ease pain and discomfort, and a humidifier can assist with breathing. More serious cases of bronchitis may require additional medication, such as the types of inhalers often used in asthma attacks , steroid drugs, and sometimes even oxygen.
Specifically, you should see a doctor about acute bronchitis if:
- You can’t sleep
- Your cough lasts more than a couple of weeks
- Your fever lasts more than three days or is over 101 degrees F
- The mucus you cough up is green or bloody
- You took your prescribed;asthma medication;but did not get any relief
- You are having difficulty breathing
- You have a heart or lung condition and suspect you have bronchitis
Although bronchitis and asthma are two different lung conditions, they’re they are closely related. Knowing the difference can help ensure you get the best treatment for the condition affecting you.
Also Check: Is Asthma A Type Of Copd
What Should I Do If I Have A Severe Asthma Attack
A severe asthma attack needs immediate medical care. The first step is your rescue inhaler. A rescue inhaler uses fast-acting medicines to open up your airways. Its different than your normal maintenance inhaler, which you use every day. You should only use the rescue inhaler in an emergency.
If your rescue inhaler doesnt help or you dont have it with you, go to the emergency department if you have:
- Anxiety or panic.
Dont Miss: What Causes A Wheeze In Asthma
Asthma Action Plans For Children
An;asthma;action;planis a clear written summary of;instructions for when;your childs asthma;symptoms change. Everyone with asthma should have a personalised;asthma;action;plan written by their doctor.;
Your childs;asthma;action;plan will tell you:;
- how to recognise when your childs asthma is getting worse or an attack is developing, and the steps you should take to manage it;
- symptoms that are serious, indicating a need for urgent medical help ;
- your childs asthma triggers.;
Make sure you;understand and can;follow the;asthma;action;plan from your doctor.;
You May Like: Can An Asthma Attack Make You Tired
How Do Doctors Diagnose Allergic Rhinitis
When someone could have allergic rhinitis,;doctors consider symptoms, find out about the persons;everyday surroundings and activities, do a physical examination, check;asthma control and check for allergies.
Tell your doctor:
- When your symptoms started and whether they;have become better or worse over time
- Whether you usually have symptoms;at particular times of the year
- If anything or any places seem to make;symptoms better or worse
- If you have any known allergic conditions;;and whether family members have allergies
- If you have tried any medicines, such as overthe-counter nasal sprays or tablets, and whether;they made a difference.
Your doctor may:
- Measure how well your lungs are working, using;a spirometer, or arrange for you to have this test.;If you normally test your own lungs using a peak;flow meter each day, bring your results.
- Offer allergy tests either skin-prick tests or;blood tests or arrange for you to have these;tests done by a specialist. Other methods that;claim to test for allergy are not useful tests;and should not be used.
- Suggest that you try using a nasal spray;for a few weeks and come back.
- Refer you to an allergy specialist or an ear, nose;and throat surgeon.
You may need to see a specialist if you have any;symptoms that are not typical of allergic rhinitis, such;as long-term sinus problems, polyps in the nose, pain,;loss of hearing or sense of smell, persistent cough, or;if only one nostril is always blocked or bleeding.
What Can I Do To Avoid Suffering From Hay Fever
Emberlin advises, Talk to your GP or pharmacist about treatments and remedies. Because of problems with some medications, consider using inert gels and natural barrier treatments such as Care Allergy Defence this has no known side effects or interactions with other medication. This means that even if you are pregnant or are intolerant to other medicines, you can still use it.
If that doesnt work, run to the hills. According to the Emberlin, coastal and hilly areas are the best places to be because they have low levels of hay fever-exacerbating air pollution.
Read Also: How Often Can You Use A Nebulizer For Asthma
How To Reduce The Spread Of Covid
What can you do to reduce your chances of getting sick? To stop the spread of coronavirus, wash hands for at least 20 seconds with soap and water, wear a face mask, keep a physical distance from other people, limit your trips away from home, and increase air flow in your indoor environment. The good news is these same steps can also reduce the spread of the flu, colds and other types of respiratory illnesses.
If you have asthma, keeping your asthma under control can reduce your chances of having a severe asthma episode or attack if you get sick.
If you do get sick, get plenty of rest, drink water and follow your Asthma Action Plan if you have asthma. Reduce your chance of spreading illness to others by limiting contact, washing your hands often and wearing a face mask or covering.
Always contact your doctor about any severe or concerning symptoms, no matter what. And go to the emergency department or call 911 for emergency signs and symptoms.
What Are The Symptoms Of Allergic Rhinitis
Most people with allergic rhinitis have a blocked or;runny nose. Some also have sneezing and itching in;the nose and back of throat. Allergic rhinitis can also;make the eyes itchy, red and teary. Not everyone with;allergic rhinitis has all these symptoms.
People with asthma may not recognise that they;also have allergic rhinitis, because the symptoms;can be mistaken for asthma. For this reason,;Australian and international guidelines for doctors;recommend that people with asthma should be;checked for allergic rhinitis.
Allergic rhinitis can occur all year round, or just at;certain times of year.
Also Check: What Triggers And Asthma Attack