Smoking: The Risks To Your Asthma
Whether it’s cigarettes, cigars, pipes, shisha or roll-ups, smoking increases your risk of asthma symptoms and asthma attacks.
On top of this, smokers need higher doses of steroid preventer medicine to keep down the inflammation in their airways.
This means your asthma is harder to manage on an everyday basis so youre more likely to have symptoms like breathlessness, coughing, wheezing and a tight chest.
In the long term, if your asthma continues to be difficult to manage, and you continue to smoke, youll be more at risk of other serious lung conditions like COPD .
Longitudinal Association Between Smoking And Symptoms And Lung Function
After adjusting for age and BMI at ECRHS I, height and sex among subjects with asthma, the mean symptom score at ECRHS I was significantly different for never smokers, ex-smokers, quitters and smokers .2). In particular, those who were already ex-smokers at ECRHS I and remained ex-smokers at ECRHS II had the highest mean symptom score at ECRHS I. Smokers had the highest proportion of subjects with chronic cough/phlegm at ECRHS I . No significant difference in baseline lung function and bronchial hyperresponsiveness according to the pattern of change in smoking habits was found, even though the percentage of subjects with bronchial hyperresponsiveness among smokers with asthma was lower than that among the other groups .2). The only interaction between gender and smoking habit was found for FEV1 , which was 93% of predicted in males and 102% of predicted in females among ex-smokers male ex-smokers in particular had the lowest FEV1 at ECRHS I.
Can Smoking During Pregnancy Make My Child More Likely To Have Asthma
Smoking harms an unborn child in many ways. Nicotine, the addictive substance in tobacco products, is carried through the mother’s bloodstream directly into the baby.
Children of women who smoked during pregnancy are more likely to have lung problems and are 10 times more likely to develop asthma. Smoking during pregnancy has also been linked with low-birth weight newborns, premature births, and sudden infant death syndrome .
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Choose Vaporizing Over Smoking
Cannabis has the potential to alleviate symptomsexperienced by asthma patients regardless of the method of consumption.However, this does not mean all of these methods are equal in efficiency. Italso does not mean that using any of the least asthma-friendly ones is entirelyharmless. Key elements to consider are:
- Optimal safety
- Potential for instant relief
- Controllable dosage andefficiency
Smoking cannabis is not recommended, as depending on the severity of your condition, it may escalate an existing asthma-related crisis, or even trigger one. Edibles, on the other hand, because of certain variables such as the time they may take to release their effects, can be used as a long-term treatment, but would not be reliable enough in the case of an attack. This is why for emergency treatments, vaporizing is definitely the best option for cannabis and asthma. Not only is the release of cannabinoids in the body close to optimal, the risks for the lungs are at an absolute minimum.
Of course, smoking cannabis is not harmful to theaverage, healthy human body. But, as an asthma sufferer, you need to watch outfor anything that can irritate or negatively impact your respiratory system.
How Does Marijuana Affect Asthma
Experiments in the 1970s showed that smoking marijuana opens up the airways. In contrast, tobacco smoke causes the airways to narrow.3 In one study, eight people with asthma did methacholine and exercise challenge tests.4 After the challenges, they were treated with a short-acting beta-agonist, marijuana, placebo marijuana, and saline. Treatment with marijuana or the short-acting beta-agonist opens up the airways immediately.
This finding led to some studies on marijuana and lung function. Nevertheless, neither of the major guidelines recommendor even mentionmarijuana as a treatment for asthma.5,6 In most of the United States, marijuana use is illegal or restricted to certain medical conditions. The list of approved medical conditions varies from state to state.7
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Does Juuling Affect Asthma
Like e-cigarettes, many studies show JUUL devices are dangerous. They may lead to an increased risk of respiratory diseases, including asthma, COPD and chronic bronchitis.
JUULing is like vaping and the terms are often used to mean the same thing. It has been reported some students secretly vape in school. The JUUL is popular because its shaped like a digital thumb drive and emits very little vapor or scent. This makes it difficult for teachers to monitor.
Therapeutic Response To Corticosteroids
The effect of treatment with inhaled fluticasone propionate or placebo for 3 weeks was studied in corticosteroid-naïve adult asthmatic patients by means of a randomised placebo-controlled crossover study . All of the subjects had asthma with evidence of bronchial hyperreactivity. Nonsmokers had a significant increase in mean morning peak expiratory flow , mean FEV1 and geometric mean provocative concentration causing a 20% fall in FEV1 of methacholine, and a significant decrease in sputum eosinophils following fluticasone compared with placebo. These outcome measures showed no significant changes in the smoking asthmatics. A randomised parallel group study with inhaled fluticasone propionate or placebo for 6 weeks examined the effects on airway responsiveness to methacholine in 52 treatment-naïve adult asthmatic patients, of whom approximately one-half were current smokers . Inhaled fluticasone decreased geometric mean PC20 of methacholine compared with placebo . Multiple linear regression analysis showed that current smoking did not influence the magnitude of the effect of inhaled fluticasone on PC20 of methacholine.
Taken together, the results of these clinical studies suggest that smokers with asthma can be resistant to the beneficial therapeutic effects of corticosteroids. There are several clinical factors that might influence the response to corticosteroids in asthmatic smokers. These include:
Duration of inhaled corticosteroid therapy
Intensity of smoking
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Dont Prioritise Your Desire To Medicate With Cannabis Over Your Life
We understand the thrill of finding a solution to amedical problem that is all-natural, non-invasive, and possibly, overall moreefficient. However, in the same way you should never solely rely on an inhalerto keep you healthy and safe, cannabis should not become your lifesaver. Keepyour inhalers handy. And if you are experiencing a critical asthma-relatedissue, dont try to talk yourself into good health. Try to gauge the situationobjectively, and if necessary, call a doctor.
Are you an asthma patient yourself? Mark, theinterviewee, and Jay, the interviewer, both are. Tell us about your personalexperiences with cannabis and asthma in the comments section below!
- Disclaimer:This article is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always consult with your doctor or other licensed medical professional. Do not delay seeking medical advice or disregard medical advice due to something you have read on this website.
What Are The Natural Compounds Found In Cannabis
- THC tetrahydrocannabinol. THC is the compound in cannabis that is psychoactive and gives the high sensation. Its consumed by smoking and in oils, edibles, tinctures and capsules.
- CBD cannabidiol. CBD is the cannabinoid that is associated with anti-inflammatory and immune modulating properties, and is not psychoactive, so it does not typically provide a high sensation. Its sold as gels, gummies, oils, supplements and extracts.
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Cannabis Use And Its Impact On Asthma And Allergies
Allergy & Asthma Network and Joanna Zeiger, PhD, hosted a Twitter chat on June 11 on cannabis use and its impact on people with asthma, exercise-induced bronchospasm, allergies, eczema and urticaria. As part of the Allergy & Asthma Network Pain, Exercise and Cannabis Experience survey, Dr. Zeiger answered questions during the Twitter chat that are summarized here for you.
Dr. Zeiger is CEO and researcher with Canna Research Group, an organization seeking to better understand how people are using cannabis to manage medical conditions.Dr. Zeiger is also a former U.S. professional triathlete who was the 2008 Ironman 70.3 World Champion and competed at the 2000 Sydney Olympics where she placed 4th in triathlon. She is the author of The Champion Mindset An Athletes Guide to Mental Toughness.
Metabolism Of Theophylline In Smokers
Cigarette smoking increases the clearance of drugs by induction of several metabolising enzymes . Cytochrome P450-1A2 is responsible for the metabolism of theophyllines, and clearance is increased by 60100% in smokers compared with nonsmokers. Smoking cessation for 1 week reduces the elimination of theophylline by 35%.
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Smoking Causes Damage To Airways
Your lungs are lined by tiny hairs called cilia. These move in a wave-like motion to sweep dust, pollens and other irritants out of your lungs. Cigarette smoke damages these tiny hairs.
This means your lungs will be less able to clean themselves, which can lead to mucus and toxic substances collecting in the lungs, increasing the risk of lung infection. Smoking can also damage the small airways and air sacs within the lungs, causing lung disease including emphysema.
As lung disease slowly worsens over time, it can limit airflow, causing shortness of breath. Quitting smoking reduces your risk of developing lung disease, and slows down any worsening of lung disease if you already have it.
Vaping For Smoking Cessation
Traditional cigarettes cause over 480,000 deaths in the United States each year and are responsible for around nine of every 10 lung cancer-related deaths. Smoking is also responsible for 80% of COPD diagnoses and increases the risk of both heart disease and stroke by as much as 400%.
Furthermore, cigarette smoking is known to be a risk factor for the frequency and severity of acute asthma symptoms. Not only are smokers less able to control the disease compared to non-smoking counterparts, but they are more likely to require hospitalization for severe attacks.
Smoking cessation, while encouraged for everyone, is obviously something that is stressed for those with asthma for these reasons.
Some studies do suggest that when used as part of a combination approach with counseling and other cessation aids, such as Chantix , e-cigarettes can be a very effective tool for quitting smoking.
When used on their own without medical oversight, however, the benefits are far less certain. And e-cigarettes do pose other health concerns that must be considered when weighing them against other cessation tools.
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How Common Is Smoking And Smoke Exposure
In 2013, 17.8% of the total US adult population smoked.7 Smoking is more common in men than women.7
A national survey showed that 46% of adults with obstructive lung disease are current smokers.4 In the group of people with moderate lung disease, 55% smoked.4
Seventeen percent of US teenagers with asthma say that they smoke tobacco.8 Among children and teens who do not smoke, 53.2% are exposed to second-hand smoke. In this group, 17.6% are exposed to smoke at home.
Select The Best Vaporizer Possible
Needless to say, the quality of your vaporizer is of the utmost importance, even if you only use it for recreational purposes. To put it simply, a poorly manufactured or non-adapted vaporizer will not vaporize properly. For instance, combusting the substance used rather than vaporising it makes the entire experience fairly pointless.
And of course, if you are using such a vaporizer inthe context of a respiratory disease, it could turn out to be a hindrancerather than a source of relief.
Buying pen-like items can be tempting for portabilityreasons. However, the smaller the vaporizer, the more chances key elements willunderperform or simply be absent.
Based on this statement, home vaporizers have a tendency to provide satisfying performances. However, a number of portable vaporizers can also be of use. At Sensi Seeds, we are quite partial to two creations from our friends at Storz and Bickel, and many of us highly recommend them including Mark, our patient here.
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How Vaping Triggers Asthma Symptoms
Reasons why vaping triggers asthma symptoms include:
- The main chemicals in e-cigarettes, such as propylene glycol and vegetable glycerine, have been linked to increased cough, mucus secretions, chest tightness and reduced lung function, all of which can make asthma worse.
- Vaping can irritate the lungs airways, making asthma attacks more likely.
- Research has linked some flavoured additives in e-cigarettes to causing cell damage in the airways which worsens asthma.
- One comprehensive study of more than 19,000 e-cigarette users found common side effects included coughing and a dry throat, which could make asthma worse.
- Vaping may help pneumonia-causing bacteria to stick to cells that line the airways, causing further damage to the lungs. People with asthma might be vulnerable to this.
- Vaping might impair the lungs ability to fight infection, increasing the risk of more severe asthma attacks.
Risks Of Marijuana For Asthma
It is common knowledge that asthma typically reacts badly to smoke being inhaled. The following is what happens if you smoke weed and have asthma first, the marijuana smoke would most likely inflame the airway leading to an asthma attack.
There have been research findings indicating that smoking marijuana can increase your chances of getting lung cancer. Besides cancer, smoking marijuana increases your chances of getting lung infections, which only exacerbate asthma attacks and impair the proper function of the lungs.
An asthmatic smokes weed and bronchitis affects their lungs, making their conditions even worse. Smoking weed with asthma is, therefore, an entirely bad idea.
With all the information above, one might be left wondering, does marijuana help asthma without driving the sufferer crazy? The answer is yes. Marijuana has two different cannabinoids tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol .
While both THC and CBD have demonstrated some anti-inflammation properties, CBD is preferred.
CBD is a bronchodilator, and it is the right cannabinoid in to use for wellness since THC is psychoactive.
If you introduce THC into the system, youll get high, and whatever benefit you gain in terms of health will be wiped out. The relationship between CBD and asthma is, therefore, more widely accepted than that of THC and asthma.
Research on the use of medical marijuana for the management of asthma still has many unanswered questions.
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Comparison Of Participants And Non
Of the 17,480 subjects participating in the ECRHS I from 28 centres, 10,296 participated in ECRHS II , and the average follow-up time was 8.9 years . The median number of participants across centres was 586.5 . The participation rate in the ECRHS II was lower among those who were smokers at ECRHS I than among ex-smokers or never smokers .
Why Should I Quit Smoking
You may have started smoking because friends do or because you grew up in a house where other people smoked. No matter why you started, if you’re thinking about quitting, it would probably help your asthma.
Here are some other reasons to quit:
- Smoking can undo the effect of any long-term control medicine you’re taking.
- Smoking can force you to use your quick-relief medicine more often.
- Smoking can disturb your sleep by making you cough more at night.
- Smoking can affect how well you do in sports or other physical activities.
- Worst of all, smoking can send you to the ER with a severe asthma flare-up.
If you decide to quit, you don’t have to go it alone. Get support from other people like friends, family, or other smokers who are trying to quit. Ask your doctor about medicines or things you can do to crave cigarettes less. Your doctor wants to help you quit!
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Vaping Smoking And Edibles
Its a myth that vaping is safer for your lungs than smoking, says Dr. Gerber, who is also an associate professor of medicine at the University of Colorado Denver.
Both methods of inhaling come with chemical and physical risks.
Vapingpot or tobaccodamages your lungs irreversibly, says Dr. Parikh, who is also a clinical assistant professor in the departments of medicine and pediatrics at New York University School of Medicine.
Edibles may seem like a more sensible choice because they bypass the lungs. However, some of the harmful effects of cannabis, like allergy triggers, stem from the components of marijuana itself. This may mean that using pot in any form could worsen your asthma and cause long-lasting harm.
What Is The Goal Of The Allergy & Asthma Network Peace Study
Joanna Zeiger: We want to understand how people with asthma and allergies consume cannabis, whether it helps or hinders their allergic conditions and if cannabis affects their usual medication use to treat asthma and allergies.
We also aim to understand knowledge and attitudes of cannabis in people with asthma and allergies. Different patient populations likely use cannabis differently, but to know for sure we must look at it systematically with the Allergy & Asthma Network PEACE Survey.
Also, we need to start learning more about cannabis use and its impact on asthma, allergies, eczema and urticaria so we can educate patients and doctors on proper cannabis use.
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Lung Function Measurement In Smokers In General
Although intuitively one might expect that providing smokers with evidence of smoking-related damage to their lungs might increase quit rates, a Cochrane review providing feedback of personal biomarkers including spirometry failed to find evidence that this improved quit rates in smokers. Measurement of lung function in conjunction with telling smokers their lung age and providing a graphical representation of lung function decline in the form of the Fletcher-Peto diagram significantly improved quit rates in a UK study in general practice. This applied whether the lung function was abnormal or not. However, the mechanism by which this intervention achieved its effect was unclear.
Giving Up Smoking Is Good News For Your Asthma
Giving up smoking lowers your asthma risk dramatically, whatever your age, or however long youve been smoking.
And you wont need to wait long to start seeing the benefits in just a few days your asthma symptoms should improve as your lungs quickly start to clear out all the toxins.
You can look forward to:
- breathing more easily as your airways begin to relax
- fewer symptoms and lower asthma attack risk
- more energy as your lung function improves
- better defences against colds and flu
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