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Is Asthma A Disability In Ireland

How To Ask For Accommodations

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If you have allergies or asthma and want to feel more comfortable in your environment, you can talk to a manager, school administrator, employer, or other person in charge. Theyâll help you figure out the best way to get reasonable changes or services.

There are many resources you can use to get advice or ideas on how to ask for accommodations. The U.S. Department of Justice has a hotline that you can call and ask questions. That phone number is 800-514-0301. You can visit www.ada.gov for more information.

Tax Relief On Medical Expenses

A tax refund is available for money spent on certain medical expenses over and above a specified amount . These expenses can be incurred by the applicant or paid by the applicant with regard to family members of any age or any other people aged 65 or over who are incapacitated.

Examples of expenses for which the relief may be claimed include Doctors visits, Medication , supply and repair of medical or surgical appliances used on medical advice, hospital or nursing home costs . This list is not comprehensive. Keep receipts and check with your local Revenue Office or Citizens Information Centre for advice and information.

Contact your local Revenue Office or Citizens Information Centre for advice and information.

Are Asthma And Allergies Disabilities

Has a preschool rejected your child? Or was your child left out of a field trip because a teacher was afraid to use an epinephrine auto-injector? Does a moldy carpet at work or school make you sick? Does stale smoke in offices, hotel rooms or conference centers make it hard for you to work?

The Americans with Disabilities Act is a federal civil rights law. It gives people with disabilities the right to ask for changes where policies, practices or conditions leave you out or put you at a disadvantage. Public companies and places must give people with disabilities full access to all facilities, programs, goods and services. They must also give them the chance to enjoy these places and services just like someone without disabilities.

The ADA borrows from Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. The Rehabilitation Act says agencies, programs and services that receive federal money cannot discriminate based on disability when it comes to jobs or education.

This includes public accommodations, such as:

  • Restaurants
  • Non-religious private schools
  • Child care programs

These places must be accessible to and usable by those with disabilities. No one can be left out or denied services because of a disability. They also cannot be left out due to ignorance, attitudes or stereotypes others may have about disabilities.

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Ada Protections Vs Ssi Benefits

Employment law ensures that workers receive a number of protections and benefits when they are dealing with a disability or health condition. While the Americans with Disabilities Act prohibits disability discrimination and provides reasonable accommodations, Social Security Insurance benefits are given to people who are unable to work due to their health condition.

Employees need to determine which option is best according to the severity of their asthma.

What Further Information Do We Need About The Burden Of Asthma

Asthma Northern Ireland highlights fatal attack risks ...

Tracking the global burden of asthma dependson the acquisition of new standardised data overtime for relevant parameters including, at least,prevalence, disability and mortality. It is becomingclear that asthma is a heterogeneous disease,with diverse causes, life-courses, outcomes andoptimal treatments . In further work onthe burden of asthma, including both disabilityand premature mortality, it would be useful tolink this burden to avoidable causes and treatabletraits. This would highlight the potential value ofinterventions to prevent asthma and mitigate theconsequences of asthma with effective treatment.

Guy Marks, Neil Pearce, David Strachan, Innes Asher, Philippa Ellwood

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How The Ada Can Help

If you have asthma or allergies, the ADA can help you feel safe and healthier when you work, shop, go to school, or eat. Under the ADA, a business canât deny you if youâre qualified because of your allergies or asthma. Instead, they will need to provide an allergy-friendly lunchroom or work environment.

Public and nonreligious private schools also must create friendly environments that are free of asthma or allergy triggers. Even if the school doesnât get funds from the government, they must follow the ADA.

The Americans with Disabilities Act calls a change made to make you more comfortable an accommodation. You and the people in your space will work together to make a shift that best fits your well-being.

An accommodation may include a workspace reorganization to get rid of things youâre allergic to, lower triggers like odors, or replace old carpets. But organizations donât need to make a change that causes a huge alteration.

For example, if the company doesnât have enough money to support your change or it would drastically adjust the way it does business, you wouldnât be able to ask for it to accommodate you in that way. But your company must make a strong effort to help you stay comfortable before it denies your request. The only way a business can deny your accommodation is if it has considered all options first.

Strengths And Limitations Of The Study

The main strength of the study is a large cross-sectional survey design employing a uniform internationally validated ISAAC methodology. Identical schools for the first two surveys and recruiting two-thirds of the schools initially sampled for the latter two surveys also addresses the issue of selection bias coupled with a proportional random stratified sampling technique adopted for all the four waves. During analyses, the generalized linear modelling accounted for linearity using a non-linear log link for Poisson distribution and the adjustments for potential covariates influencing any underlying temporal patterns together could have addressed salient weaknesses encountered in the design phase. Nonetheless, cross-sectional study designs have inherent methodological limitations, for instance no causal association. Self-reported paediatric health outcomes may be either over or under reported. Detailed information on socio-economic status or on other unmeasured/unidentified confounders such as parental allergies was not available to all the four Irish ISAAC surveys introducing residual confounding. However, adjustments for clustering effect within schools and the lack of effect modification of schools by calendar years on the health outcomes studied further reinforce minimal or no selection bias in terms of socio-economic status.

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Benefits You Might Be Entitled To

Care and mobility

If you have difficulties with daily living needs, getting around or need a carers help you could be entitled to the following:

  • Personal Independence Payment

PIP has replaced the Disability Living Allowance but if you are getting the DLA now you do not need to do anything because you will be contacted by the Department of Work and Pensions when you need to apply for PIP.

If you are not getting DLA you can apply for PIP. There are two parts to PIP. One part is a payment if you cant move about easily and the other part is for daily living. If you are finding daily living difficult, you need someone to help you with daily tasks or you struggle with getting around you can apply for PIP.

  • Attendance Allowance

Attendance Allowance is replacing Disability Allowance for people who have reached a state pension age or are older. You dont have to have a carer to claim, but it is paid if you need help because of your disability.

  • Disability Premium

You may be eligible for a disability premium, which is money added to any income-related benefits you are getting if you are also eligible for disability-related benefits .

Disabled Students Allowances

More information

Unable to work

There are 2 types of benefits that you could be eligible for if you cannot work because of your illness:

Universal credit

Is Asthma A Disability

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In society, asthma is rarely considered a disability, but based on its symptoms and effects, asthma is considered by law to be a disability. Although asthma can be treated, an asthma attack can be debilitating since it prevents breathing. In some situations, asthma can be so bad that a person may be unable to work.

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Who Strategy For Prevention And Control Of Asthma

Asthma is included in the WHO Global Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of NCDs and the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

WHO is taking action to extend diagnosis of and treatment for asthma in a number of ways.

The WHO Package of Essential Noncommunicable Disease Interventions was developed to help improve NCD management in primary health care in low-resource settings. PEN includes protocols for the assessment, diagnosis, and management of chronic respiratory diseases , and modules on healthy lifestyle counselling, including tobacco cessation, and self-care.

Reducing tobacco smoke exposure is important for both primary prevention of asthma and disease management. The Framework Convention on Tobacco Control is enabling progress in this area as are WHO initiatives such as MPOWER and mTobacco Cessation.

Entitlements For People With Asthma

There are 380,000 people with asthma in Ireland. It is the most common chronic disease in Ireland. This document provides information on a variety of services, benefits and allowances available for people with asthma in Ireland. Most benefits are not offered automatically, it is up to the individual to apply for them.

For more detailed information on the services, benefits and allowances available, you can contact your local health care staff, local Citizens Information Centre , local health centre , local social welfare office and also revenue .

The Asthma Society of Ireland is the national charity dedicated to empowering the 380,000 people with asthma in Ireland to take control of their asthma. ASI support people with asthma and their families by providing a wide range of high quality information and education services all completely free of charge. We actively work with health care professionals, industry and government bodies to provide expert information and keep asthma high on the national agenda. For further information visit www.asthma.ie or call 01 8178886.

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Disability And Work Accommodations For People With Copd

Under the Americans With Disabilities Act , some chronic conditions are considered to be disabilities and you have certain rights under federal law if youre disabled. In many cases, COPD can be considered a disability. The ADA says that a condition is considered a disability if its an impairment thats substantially limiting. According to the ADA, an impairment is substantially limiting when it prevents an individual from performing a major life activity or when it significantly restricts the condition, manner, or duration under which an individual can perform a major life activity.

In other words, if breathlessness and other symptoms of COPD limit you from doing what is expected of you on the job, such as being able to walk as much as you are expected to, your employer must make reasonable accommodations so that you perform your job, as long as it doesnt pose a hardship for the employer. Reasonable accommodations for a person with COPD might include:

  • having a parking space close to the work site
  • being allowed to use a scooter or motorized cart to get around a large work area
  • being allowed to work from home
  • having a smoke-free, perfume-free, chemical-free, and dust-free workplace
  • getting advanced notice about construction and cleaning
  • having a flexible schedule with time allotted for taking medications and doctors appointments

Challenges For A Person With A Hidden Disability:

Entitlements for People with Asthma
  • They may not know they have a disability or regard themselves as such.
  • They may not have been diagnosed.
  • They may not know what they need.
  • They may know what they need, but are unable to articulate it.
  • They may often feel misunderstood or may feel ignored or feel invalidated.
  • They may suspect something is wrong, but not know what it is or how to fix it.

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How Many People Have Asthma

Establishing the proportion of the populationwho have asthma , and comparing this prevalence betweencountries, requires the use of standardisedmeasures implemented in large-scale, globalsurveys. Fortunately, we have this informationfrom separate surveys of asthma in adults andchildren, but the last surveys were about 15years ago. Questionnaires were used to measureasthma prevalence in these surveys. Althoughthis method has some limitations as an accurateway of identifying the presence of asthma inindividuals, it provides reasonable estimates ofprevalence in populations and has the advantageof being feasible for large-scale surveys.

The International Study of Asthma andAllergies in Childhood surveyed arepresentative sample of 798,685 adolescentsaged 13-14 years in 233 centres in 97 countries between 2000 and 2003. In ISAACthese adolescents were asked whether theyhad experienced wheeze, a symptom thatis commonly attributable to asthma, in thepreceding 12 months. The crucial finding was thatthe prevalence of recent wheeze varied widelybetween countries and between centres withincountries . The highest prevalence was generally observed in Englishspeakingcountries of Australasia, Europe andNorth America, and in parts of Latin America.The lowest prevalence was observed inthe Indian subcontinent, Asia-Pacific, EasternMediterranean, and Northern and Eastern Europe.

Reducing The Burden Of Asthma

Asthma cannot be cured, but good management with inhaled medications can control the disease and enable people with asthma to enjoy a normal, active life.

There are two main types of inhaler:

  • bronchodilators , that open the air passages and relieve symptoms and
  • steroids , that reduce inflammation in the air passages. This improves asthma symptoms and reduces the risk of severe asthma attacks and death.

People with asthma may need to use their inhaler every day. Their treatment will depend on the frequency of symptoms and the different types of inhalers available.

It can be difficult to coordinate breathing using an inhaler especially for children and during emergency situations. Using a spacer device makes it easier to use an aerosol inhaler and helps the medicine to reach the lungs more effectively. A spacer is a plastic container with a mouthpiece or mask at one end, and a hole for the inhaler in the other. A homemade spacer, made from a 500-ml plastic bottle, can be as effective as a commercially-manufactured inhaler.

Access to inhalers is a problem in many countries. In 2019, only half of people with asthma had access to a bronchodilator and less than one in five had access to a steroid inhaler in public primary health-care facilities in low-income countries .

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If A Business Denies Your Request

A company might deny your request for accommodations if you donât provide the right documents that show medical proof of a disability. It may also reject your request if youâre able to do the job or function the same way that someone else would.

If you think that a company denied your accommodations request unfairly, you can:

  • Ask it to consider your request again.
  • File a complaint with an Equal Employment Opportunity counselor or ADA coordinator, Office of Disability Rights, Office of Human Rights, or the federal Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.

Winning Social Security Disability Benefits For Asthma By Meeting A Listing

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To determine whether you are disabled at Step 3 of the Sequential Evaluation Process, the Social Security Administration will consider whether your asthma is severe enough to meet or equal the asthma listing. The Social Security Administration has developed rules called Listing of Impairments for most common impairments. The listing for a particular impairment describes a degree of severity that the Social Security Administration presumes would prevent a person from performing substantial work. If your asthma is severe enough to meet or equal the asthma listing, you will be considered disabled.

The listing for asthma is 3.03, which has two parts: A and B. You will be eligible for Social Security disability benefits if you meet either part.

According to this listing, if you are diagnosed with chronic asthmatic bronchitis, you will be evaluated under the criteria for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in listing 3.02A , which provides that a claimant is disabled if he or she has:

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease due to any cause, with the FEV1 equal to or less than the values specified in Table I corresponding to the personâs height without shoes.

Meeting Social Security Administration Listing 3.03B for Asthma

A Social Security disability claimant with asthma meets listing 3.03 and is disabled if he or she has:

Attacks of asthma are defined as:

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Why You May Be Entitled To Benefits If You Have Severe Asthma

You may be entitled to benefits if you:

  • Are struggling to move around and need care because of mobility issues.
  • You can’t work due to your severe asthma.
  • You cant work full time and are on a low income.
  • You have someone care for you because of your severe asthma.
  • You care for someone who has severe asthma.

If you think you might be entitled to benefits you can use a website that lets you check what you could get. They are free to use and you do not have to give your name.

Does The Ada Apply To People With Asthma And Allergies

Yes. In both the ADA and Section 504, a person with a disability is someone who has a physical or mental impairment that seriously limits one or more major life activities, or who is regarded as having such impairments. Asthma and allergies are usually considered disabilities under the ADA.

Major life activities include:

  • Working
  • Going to school

In 2008, the ADA was changed to include more people in the definition of disabled. Conditions that only show symptoms at certain times are now included. Asthma and allergies fit this definition. The ADA protects people with asthma and allergies even if reactions or attacks happen only when triggered. The ADA can help to create an environment where patients can avoid their triggers.

Also, use of medical aids or devices can no longer exclude them from ADA coverage. For example, it used to be that people with asthma who got relief from an inhaler were not covered by the ADA. The inhaler was thought to have removed the disability. With the 2008 changes, the ADA covers people with asthma and allergies even if medication controls their symptoms.

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