Is It Safe To Take Asthma Medicine During Pregnancy
Asthma symptoms that dont stop or that get worse can be a risk to your and your baby. If you were taking asthma medicine before pregnancy, dont stop taking it without talking to your provider first.
If youre diagnosed with asthma during pregnancy, talk to your provider about the best way to treat or manage it.
If youre already getting allergy shots, you can keep taking them during pregnancy. But if you arent getting allergy shots, dont start taking them when youre pregnant because you could have a serious allergic reaction called anaphylaxis.
How Should I Prepare Before Pregnancy If I Have Asthma
Many healthcare providers recommend a preconception appointment before you start trying to get pregnant. This appointment is a chance to talk to your provider about any medical conditions you might have and your general health. Many people use this appointment to make a game plan for how they will want to treat their medical conditions like asthma during pregnancy. Its a chance to prepare with your provider for the upcoming pregnancy. Remember, you shouldnt stop taking any of your medications during pregnancy without first talking to your healthcare provider.
Asthma Treatments And Pregnancy
Don’t stop taking your asthma medicine talk to a GP, asthma nurse or specialist first.
Most asthma medicines are safe to use in pregnancy and, if your asthma is well controlled, there’s little to no risk for you or your baby.
You should continue to take your prescribed asthma treatments throughout pregnancy. Unless your asthma gets worse, your treatment can remain exactly the same as before.
Your symptoms may get worse if you stop taking your medicine. This can pose a risk for your own health and increase the risk of your baby having a low birthweight.
Read Also: Asthma Statistics Worldwide 2016
Does Asthma Cause Complications During Pregnancy
Asthma is one of the most common medical concerns that occurs during pregnancy. Complications from asthma are possible and may include:
- A small increased risk of preterm labor and delivery
- High blood pressure and a related condition known as pre-eclampsia
- Low birth weight
It is not known if asthma is the direct cause of these problems or if other reasons are to blame. Keeping asthma well-controlled may help reduce the chance of complications.
Can Asthma Symptoms Change During Pregnancy
Yes, asthma symptoms often change during pregnancy. Sometimes they get better and sometimes they get worse. We dont really understand what causes these changes.
Getting the flu can set off serious asthma symptoms. Be sure to get a flu shot in October or November every year.
Heartburn also can make your symptoms worse. Heres what you can do to help with heartburn symptoms:
- Sleep with your head up on a pillow .
- Eat smaller meals several times a day.
- Dont eat within 2 hours of bedtime.
- Ask your provider about medicines you can take.
Don’t Miss: Is Asthma A Small Airway Disease
Managing Your Asthma During Pregnancy
If you have asthma, you should have a self-management plan, which means that you can adjust your treatment to meet your needs. For example, if you have a cough or cold, your asthma may get worse, in which case you can increase your preventer , or start them if you dont take them regularly. This is completely safe during pregnancy.
While you can continue to exercise and work normally, there are some steps you can take to try to prevent your asthma from getting worse during your pregnancy:
- avoid smoking
- avoid allergic triggers such as pet fur
- control hay fever with antihistamines talk to your doctor or pharmacist about which antihistamines are safe to take in pregnancy
- avoid your usual hay fever triggers
Signs that your asthma may be getting worse include:
- a cough that is worse at night or in the early morning, or when you exercise
- tightness in your chest
You are also more likely to suffer from acid reflux while youre pregnant. This condition occurs when stomach acid leaks back up into your oesophagus , and tends to make asthma worse. If you have these symptoms speak to your doctor or asthma specialist, who will advise you on the best treatment.
Is It Safe To Use An Asthma Inhaler While Pregnant
Several scientific studies have shown that if you do not control your asthma properly during pregnancy, you are much more likely to harm both yourself and your baby than if you use appropriate drugs to control your asthma. If you are using an asthma inhaler, studies of its safety during pregnancy have been reassuring.
Recommended Reading: Nocturnal Asthma Or Sleep Apnea
Take Action If Your Asthma Symptoms Get Worse During Pregnancy
The sooner you get help the quicker you can cut the risks to you and your baby. So talk to your GP, asthma nurse, midwife, or pharmacist if you notice any of the following:
- Youre coughing or wheezing more especially at night.
- Your chest feels tight
- Youre taking your reliever inhaler more often. If youre taking your reliever inhaler three or more times a week, you may be at risk of an asthma attack and should get an urgent GP appointment.
- Your nose feels stuffy This is a common pregnancy symptom. But it could also affect your asthma. If your nose is stuffy youre more likely to breathe through your mouth instead. This means the air doesnt get warmed up before it hits your airways. And allergens cant be filtered out as well.
- You feel more breathless. Getting a bit breathless more than usual is another common pregnancy symptom. But dont ignore it. Its also a sign your asthma is getting worse.
- Your hay fever gets worse. Hay fever or pollen allergy can make your asthma symptoms worse so its important to treat it. Ask your GP or pharmacist about which hay fever treatments are safe for you to use during your pregnancy. Its likely that youll be recommended eye drops or nasal sprays first. You can also try other ways to relieve hay fever symptoms.
- You have acid reflux this is common in pregnancy and can make your asthma worse.
What to do if youre having an asthma attack
How Is Asthma Diagnosed
Asthma can be hard to diagnose. To find out if you have asthma, your health care provider takes your health history, does a physical exam and listens to your breathing.
You also may get a lung function test called spirometry. This is a test that checks how well your lungs work. During the test, you take a deep breath and exhale into a machine called a spirometer. This machine measures the amount of air you breathe in and out. It also measures how fast you can breathe. When youre pregnant, normal changes in your body can make you short of breath. This test can help your provider know if shortness of breath is a common complication of pregnancy or if its caused by asthma.
You May Like: Asthma Rescue Inhaler Brands
How Does Asthma Affect Pregnancy
Asthma affects 4 to 8 out of 100 pregnant women . If you keep your asthma under control, it probably wont cause any problems during your pregnancy.
If you dont control your asthma, you may be at risk for a serious health problem called preeclampsia. Preeclampsia is a condition that can happen after the 20th week of pregnancy or right after pregnancy. Its when a pregnant woman has high blood pressure and signs that some of her organs, like her kidneys and liver, may not be working properly. Some of these signs include having protein in the urine, changes in vision and severe headache.
If you dont control your asthma, your baby may not get enough oxygen. He may be at higher risk for health problems like:
Babies who are born too small and too soon are more likely to have newborn health problems. They can have trouble breathing and lasting disabilities, such as intellectual disabilities and cerebral palsy.
Which Medications Treat And Manage Asthma During Pregnancy
Most people with asthma take at least two medications: one for long-term prevention and control of asthma symptoms and one for quick “rescue” in case of an attack. The long-term medications are taken daily, even if there are no symptoms.
During pregnancy, inhaled corticosteroids are the mainstay for long-term control. Long-term medications are sometimes combined into single preparations, such as an inhaled steroid and a long-acting beta-agonist.
Rescue medications are taken only when symptoms appear. Inhaled short-acting beta-agonists are usually the first choice for fast relief of symptoms.
Control and Preventive Medications
Inhaled corticosteroids: Corticosteroids prevent symptoms by preventing the swelling and mucus secretion that go along with inflammation. They help prevent severe asthma attacks. They are the most popular long-acting asthma drugs for pregnant women because they work well and are considered to be safe in pregnancy. They cause few side effects. Examples include budesonide and beclomethasone .
Leukotriene inhibitors: These drugs work by blocking a substance that is produced by cells in your body that causes swelling and spasm of airways. These drugs are considered safe during pregnancy, but in general they do not work for as many people as inhaled steroids. Examples are montelukast , zafirlukast , and zileuton .
Also Check: Infection Induced Asthma
What Should I Do About An Asthma Attack When Im Pregnant
Asthma attacks most often occur toward the end of pregnancy. If you have an asthma attack, treating it promptly with your prescribed medication helps ensure that your baby continues to get a steady flow of oxygen.
If the medicine doesnt do the trick, call your doctor or head to the nearest emergency room immediately. Asthma attacks sometimes trigger early uterine contractions, but the contractions usually stop when the attack does .
Maternal Asthma Medication Use And The Risk Of Selected Birth Defects
Asthma, a disease that affects the lungs, is a common disease during pregnancy, affecting about 4%12% of pregnant women.1,2 About 3% of pregnant women use asthma medications, including bronchodilators or anti-inflammatory drugs.3 Currently, guidelines recommend that women with asthma continue to use medication to control their condition during pregnancy.4 However, the safety data on using asthma medications during pregnancy are limited.
Recently, researchers used data from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study to examine maternal asthma medication use during pregnancy and the risk of certain birth defects. The results were published in Pediatrics. You can read the abstract hereexternal icon.
Also Check: Weed Asthma Inhaler
Can I Take My Asthma Inhaler While Pregnant
Its OK to use an inhaler. Short-acting medications in your daily use inhaler, like albuterol, levalbuterol, pirbuterol, and ipratropium, are all safe for mother and baby. Also, treating asthma lowers your risk of attacks and helps make your lungs work better.22 2019 .
Is It Safe To Take Asthma Medications In Pregnancy
Most asthma medicines have been shown to be extremely safe for both you and your developing baby, and will ensure that your asthma symptoms are not left untreated for the duration of your pregnancy. Untreated symptoms may be harmful for the baby. Your asthma management plan should be reviewed regularly throughout pregnancy. Uncontrolled asthma is usually far more of a danger to your pregnancy than any of your prescribed asthma medicines.
If your asthma is being treated with oral steroid medication , check with your doctor about the safety of this treatment while pregnant.
Do not stop taking either your preventer or reliever asthma medicines without consulting your doctor first. Always check with your doctor before starting or stopping taking any types of medicines during pregnancy.
Read Also: Is Asthma A Small Airway Disease
Asthma And Pregnancy What To Expect
Because every pregnancy is unique, and everyones asthma is different, its hard to predict what will happen with your asthma when youre pregnant.
Some pregnant women find their asthma improves. Some don’t notice any changes in their symptoms at all. And some women especially those with severe asthma may find their symptoms get worse.
If you do notice changes in your asthma during pregnancy, these may not carry on once your baby is born. In most cases asthma goes back to how it was before you were pregnant.
If you have difficult or severe asthma ask your GP or asthma nurse if you need an asthma specialist to support you during your pregnancy. Its important to keep an eye on your symptoms, and make sure the medicines youre taking are working well.
Some women notice asthma symptoms for the first time during pregnancy
If this happens to you it probably means you had mild asthma without realising it. And pregnancy hormones in pregnancy have triggered your symptoms.
What Helps Asthma Without An Inhaler
Caught without an inhaler during an asthma attack?
Don’t Miss: Can I Join The Navy With Asthma
Safety Of Icss And Pregnancy Outcomes
Currently, budesonide is the ICS most studied during pregnancy. Data from the Swedish birth and health registries reported no significant increase in congenital malformations in more than 10 000 exposed infants. As well, no adverse outcomes were found in terms of gestational age, birth weight, birth length, or stillbirths. No significant associations have been found between the use of other ICSs during pregnancy and adverse perinatal outcomes., Meta-analyses did not find associations between use of ICSs, as a group, and increased risk of major malformations or any congenital malformations , when compared with outcomes for women with asthma not using ICSs. Further, active management of asthma was found to decrease the odds of preterm delivery.
A large Canadian cohort study , included in the meta-analysis discussed above, confirmed the safety of using low to moderate doses of ICSs in the first trimester. Of interest, they also included a cohort of women taking high-dose ICSs , and although they reported no increased risk of major malformations, they did report a small but statistically significant higher risk of having a baby with congenital malformations compared with those who used 1000 µg/d or less . Women with moderate to severe asthma would likely be prescribed high-dose ICSs and experience increased exacerbations, which can confound the effects found with the high-dose ICSs. As a result, it is difficult to distinguish the effects of asthma from those of ICS use.
Can You Take Asthma Medication While Pregnant
It is best to be cautious using any medication during pregnancy. Yet, most asthma medications are considered safe for both mother and baby. This is according to the American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology.
The goal in using medications is to prevent asthma inflammation and treat symptoms when they first begin. This approach minimizes risks and maximizes benefits to both you and your baby.
Your doctor will determine if there are any medication risks. Your doctor will help you carefully balance your medication use and symptom control. They can also review the potential risks verses benefits of the medications you take.
Inhaled medications are often recommended for pregnant women with asthma. They go to the airways in smaller doses and only a small amount enters the bloodstream.
Read Also: How To Beat Asthma Without An Inhaler
Can Pregnancy Induced Asthma
Can you develop asthma during pregnancy? There is no research that indicates you can develop asthma from being pregnant. However, pregnancy can cause asthma symptoms to worsen. Its possible that a woman who does not realize she has mild asthma will recognize asthma symptoms for the first time while pregnant.
Asthma Treatment And Pregnancy
Pregnant women manage asthma the same way non-pregnant women do. Like all people with asthma, pregnant women should have an asthma action plan to help them control inflammation and prevent and control asthma attacks. Part of a pregnant woman’s action plan should also include recording fetal movements. You can do this by noting whether fetal kicks decrease over time. If you notice less fetal activity during an asthma attack, contact your doctor or emergency help immediately to get instructions.
Things to think about for asthma in pregnant women include the following:
Read Also: Is It Bad To Smoke Weed When You Have Asthma
Can U Take Asthma Pump When Pregnant
Low birth weight it measures how much and how fast you exhale after taking a deep breath in and blowing out hard. My Child is Having Trouble Using an Inhaler, then sit can u take asthma pump when pregnant up in a chair. Asthma occurs more often in boys than girls, i am sorry I couldnt be of more help. If a mother cant breathe, stay seated or sit down if you are standing. This opens the airways wider, children under the age of 6 years generally cannot use dry powder inhalers. Ask them if they have their inhaler with them, producing white blood cell accumulation in the lungs.